Research, Training & Consultancy on Drug Use, Drinking & Deviancy

3D Research Bureau was first set up in 1989, and was relaunched as 3D Research in 2010. It is an independent research agency based in Liverpool. It is managed by Dr Russell Newcombe, and supported by a team of sessional and voluntary assistants.

3D Research's main area of expertise is psychoactive drug use, including: (a) controlled, licensed and prescribed drugs; (b) depressants, stimulants and hallucinogens; and (c) drug consumption, and its causes and consequences. More broadly, 3D also conducts research on deviant behaviour in the domains of public order (criminal and anti-social behaviour) and public health (notably mental functioning and sexual activity).


Quantitative and qualitative methodologies - including design, sampling, data collection, data analysis and reporting:

  • Exploratory and investigative research designs
  • Random samples and non-random samples (eg. quota, snowball, purposive)
  • Documentary research & literature reviews
  • Interviewing - individual interviews and group interviews (focus groups)
  • Observation and ethnographic approaches
  • Self-report questionnaire surveys
  • Evaluation of services (outcome, process and cost)
  • Prevalence estimation (including checks on official estimates)
  • Statistical analyses of numerical data, and content analysis of verbal data

Training & Teaching


  • Lecturing students taking drug-related modules on university degree programmes
  • Training various professionals in the drugs field on induction and in-service courses
  • Presenting papers at conferences, workshops and meetings



  • Design of educational publications and products for drug users and young adults
  • Provision of reports/articles about drug issues to specialist websites, journals etc.
  • Advice and support to mass media on drugs news, articles and documentaries
  • Advice to other statutory and non-statutory organisations on drug issues
This website provides links to related sites; free downloads of documents and presentations about drug issues; and useful charts and videos summarising domains of information about drugs − for instance:
+ Mortality risks of different kinds of drug use compared with leisure activities etc.
+ Classification systems for drugs, their causes and effects, and related risks and harms.
+ A conceptual model of harm-reduction for drugs workers, policy makers and researchers.
+ Up-to-date lists of references on a variety of key issues about drug use and drug policy.